Steel Industry

In recent years, the steel sector has faced new challenges due to global overcapacity, an increasing dependency on exports and an unprecedented wave of distortive trading practices.

Ceramic Industry

The European ceramic sector is highly concentrated: In 2014, Spanish and Italian producers together sold more than 78% of all ceramic wall and floor tiles in the EU.

Aluminium Industry

For primary aluminium producers, electricity costs represent between 22% and 29% of production costs. Across the world they pay very different electricity prices, depending on their region.